Posted by Mary Fisher on July 18, 2006, 11:32 am
The Tudor period isn't normally included in the Middle Ages, it's 'modern' -
strange as that may seem. The houses weren't black and white in Tudor times.
Windows were glazed in other materials, for instance resin prepared linen
stretched over wooden frames or even thin panes of horn in frames. Windows
were removeable to be taken with you when you moved house. Moving house was
very rare, incidentally.
It wasn't so much that glass was expensive but that it was impossible to
make it large pieces of glass so small pieces had to be held captive by lead
cames, that process was the expensive element.
Posted by News on July 18, 2006, 12:32 pm
The term "Tudor" was first used in 1911. It is really "Elizabethan".
Really they were made that way for many hundreds of years, it was just in
that period most were made.
Many were jettied with wide roof overhangs giving a top heavy appearance.
This was to keep the rain of the wattle and dawb rendering.
They were mainly all white in colour. In the 1800s they started to paint the
wooden timbers black.
Posted by Mary Fisher on July 18, 2006, 12:58 pm
Elizabeth was a Tudor.
Timber framed houses were made in plenty in mediaeval times.
That was done before Tudor times. Wattle and daub was - and still is - used
from very early times.
They weren't, they were all sorts of colours. The insides were white washed
when it could be afforded, the timbers were black inside from smoke. They
were difficult to paint white. The outer timbers weren't painted at all,
there was no need to.
Posted by daestrom on July 19, 2006, 12:27 am
I visited the Corning Museum of Glass over the weekend. Pretty interesting
I can't remember the exact era, but they had a diorama of how the first
plate glass was made. Workers would blow glass into long tubes about 1 ft
in diameter and 6 ft long. After it cooled slightly, they would cut off the
ends, slit it down one side and open it out flat.
Prior to that, a 'glob' was alternately blown and flattened while spinning.
This made some of the earlier window glass have a definite circular pattern
in the cooled product.
'float' glass didn't come till much later.
Posted by Mary Fisher on July 19, 2006, 8:37 am
The oh so quaint and nowadays fashionable 'bullseye' windows were the centre
of these discs, they were virtually the waste so were used in windows where
it didn't matter because they filled a hole and were cheap. Although they
allowed light through you couldn't see through them, plain glass was far
better and more desirable - therefore expensive. These days the bullseye
panes are moulded :-)
The old methods of making glass also meant that they weren't perfectly
clear, they were rippled, had bubbles and were coloured because of
impurities in the mix.
Glass is a fantastic substance, I've always been fascinated by it - but
that's another story. Modern glasses are unbelievable complex and varied -
something for every application.