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New World Trade Center Will Use Fuel Cell Power Plants

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Posted by lkgeo1 on September 11, 2006, 5:59 pm

New World Trade Center Will Use Fuel Cell Power Plants

Publication Date:11-September-2006
11:30 AM US Eastern Timezone
Source:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Governor George E. Pataki today announced a groundbreaking new package
of energy and environmental measures that will be incorporated into the
design of the World Trade Center redevelopment. Plans for the Freedom
Tower and other facilities at the World Trade Center site will feature
state-of-the-art energy technologies to better protect environmental
resources, utilize renewable energy resources, and maximize energy
efficiency. The Governor announced that the Freedom Tower, World Trade
Center Office Towers 2,3, and 4, as well as the World Trade Center
Memorial and Memorial Museum will all be designed to achieve the US
Green Building Council's "Leadership in Energy and Environmental
Design" (LEED) Gold certification requirements. In addition all of
the facilities involved will be built to a design standard that is 20
percent more efficient than the New York Energy Conservation
Construction Code.

The Governor also announced an agreement with Silverstein Properties
that calls for the Freedom Tower and each of the World Trade Center
Office Towers to utilize cutting edge fuel cell technology to increase
efficiency and provide secure clean on-site power generation. These
fuel cell installations, totaling 4.8 MW of power generation, will
together constitute one of the largest fuel cell installations in the

The agreement also provides that the Port Authority and Silverstein
Properties will purchase renewable energy for the remainder of the base
building electricity requirements that are not provided by the fuel
cell systems. Finally, the Governor announced that the efficient design
measures would substantially reduce the State's use of Hudson River
water for cooling, and allows for an over 80 percent reduction in the
number of aquatic organisms that are taken in from the Hudson River as
compared to the cooling systems that existed prior to 9/11.

"The redevelopment will be a global example of green building design
and a constant reminder of our commitment to break the cycle of
dependence on foreign energy," said the Governor. "By moving
forward with state-of-the-art design and guidelines, New York will once
again show the world our ingenuity, innovation and commitment to
building a stronger, brighter future for all."

"The package of design measures builds on our great strides to
safeguard the Hudson River over the past decade. The Hudson River's
clean-up and protection has been a top priority of the administration
and we have provided more than $68 million to support the recovery of
the Hudson River Estuary, and a wide array of initiatives have been
launched in an effort to improve the health of the waterway, to protect
critical habitats, and to increase recreational access to this
treasured area," the Governor added.

Larry Silverstein, President and CEO of Silverstein Properties, Inc
said, "As part of our response to 9/11, we at Silverstein Properties
pledged to conserve New York's most precious resources, including
water and energy. We pledged to create a healthy, enjoyable and
productive environment for the people who work here. And we pledged to
safeguard the health of the people who live, work, visit and go to
school in Lower Manhattan. That is why the LEED Gold designation was so
important at 7 World Trade Center and why we will attain that standard
for all the World Trade Center towers. It confirms that we are on the
right track and that we have raised the bar for green construction in
New York City."

Kenneth J. Ringler, Jr., Executive Director of The Port Authority of
New Jersey said, "The Port Authority prides itself in being
environmental stewards at the facilities it operates in the region,
including the World Trade Center site. Our staff has worked closely
with Silverstein Properties and the environmental community to ensure
that the most current technology available is used in the construction
of all of the new buildings on the site to maximize energy

Timothy S. Carey, president and chief executive officer of the New York
Power Authority (NYPA), said, "Governor Pataki's environmental and
energy policies have been the driving force for the development of
'green,' sustainable buildings and making the Empire State a leader
for this forward-thinking type of construction. The rebuilding plans
for the World Trade Center complex will take the Governor's policy
direction to a new level for sustainable construction, including the
Power Authority's purchase of fuel cells that will provide nearly 5
megawatts of clean electricity for the complex, and its support of
other measures to receive Gold LEED certification. We're proud to be
part of the Governor's team in implementing these enlightened,
environmentally pragmatic policies."

World Trade Center Memorial Foundation Acting President Joseph Daniels
said, "The eight-acre Memorial quadrant will create new open space
filled with trees, in addition to being built using state-of-the-art
"green" and energy efficient standards. We recognize the importance of
working with the Port Authority to build a Memorial and Memorial Museum
which respects our environment while providing a place to pay our
respects to those we lost in the attacks. We thank Governor Pataki for
ensuring that the rebuilt World Trade Center site uses such high
environmental standards."

The 2006/07 State Budget included $5 million for these projects, and
NYPA will be providing an additional $0 million in funding for the
energy efficiency measures.

This additional package of environmentally-friendly design measures,
which builds on the Sustainable Design Guidelines developed during the
project's environmental review phase, includes:

    * An improved cooling system that will protect aquatic life. The
system will be designed to use significantly less water from the Hudson
River than had been used by the World Trade Center complex prior to
September 11th. As a result, there will be an estimated 82 percent
reduction in the entrainment of aquatic organisms, and a 90-95 percent
decrease in the impingement of aquatic life. Entrainment is when
aquatic organisms, larvae and/or eggs are drawn into a cooling system,
pass through the heat exchanger, and are pumped back out. Impingement
is the trapping of fish or other aquatic life against a cooling system
water intake screen.
    * In addition, the river cooling system will only be used for
the public amenities on the site - the World Trade Center
Transportation Hub, retail space, and Memorial and Memorial Museum -
and retail space. Other facilities, including the Freedom Tower and the
remaining office buildings, will utilize state-of-the-art cooling
systems that do not use river water.
    * The Freedom Tower and WTC Office Towers 2, 3, and 4 will be
partially-fueled by four 1.2 megawatt fuel cell systems to be acquired
by NYPA using funds appropriated in the 2006-07 Budget. These fuel
cells will provide emission-free, on-site distributed generation and
help to make the buildings less dependent on the power grid.
    * The Freedom Tower, World Trade Center Transportation Hub,
Memorial and Memorial Museum will be powered by clean, renewable
energy. NYPA will purchase 93 million kilowatt hours of Renewable
Energy Credits (RECs). Silverstein Properties will also purchase 91
million kilowatt hours of RECs for Towers 2, 3 and 4.

The creation of a "green" World Trade Center site builds on the
progress in the neighborhood closest to the site, Battery Park City.
The Solaire building at Battery Park City is the world's first green
residential high rise and the office towers at Battery Park City were
also built to meet United States Green Building Council's Leadership
in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold building guidelines.

In 2000, at the directive of Governor Pataki, New York State enacted
the Green Building Tax Credit program, which provides tax breaks to
developers of green buildings who meet stringent standards to reduce
energy consumption, minimize environmental impacts, and provide a safe
and healthy workspace for employees. This program, the first of its
kind in the nation, fully committed the initial $5 million
appropriation, and was subsequently extended with an additional $5
million allocation of funds.

On June 10, 2001, Governor George E. Pataki announced Executive Order
No. 111 directing state agencies, state authorities and other affected
entities to be more energy efficient and environmentally aware. Under
the order, State facilities are required to reduce their energy use by
35 percent relative to 1990 levels, and by 2010, State entities must
purchase at least 20 percent of their electricity from renewable
sources. Executive Order No. 111 continues and expands New York's
leadership as one the most aggressive states in the Union for
addressing issues such as energy efficiency, renewable energy, green
building practices and alternate fuel vehicles.

Under the Governor's leadership, a record $5 billion has been
invested in the effort to ensure clean air and water, and to keep New
York's open spaces preserved for the benefit of future generations.

Frances Beinecke, Executive Director of the National Resources Defense
Council said, "Building green buildings downtown is a huge victory in
every way. Using clean, efficient energy technologies combined with the
proximity to subways and ferries will mean a lot less global warming
pollution, cleaner air and reduced oil dependence. This combined with
use of recycled and non-toxic materials and efficient water use, means
that New York real estate industry will be setting the new standard for
green buildings nationally. With the leadership of the Governor, New
Yorkers are once again showing that with their can-do spirit and
ingenuity downtown will rise again and become a symbol of green renewal
and excellence."

Rick Fedrizzi, CEO & Founding Chair, U.S. Green Building Council said,
"The Council is looking forward to working with the World Trade
Center team as they pursue LEED Gold certification for the buildings at
the WTC site. This is one of the most important building projects in
the nation, and the team is to be commended for making it one of the
greenest as well."

The Governor also led the effort to enact an aggressive program to
increase the percentage of electricity used in New York State to 25
percent by 2013. This Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) for
Electricity is underway, and already has spurred the development of
numerous renewable energy projects, including the largest wind farm in
the eastern U.S.

New York also has been a leader in the effort to combat global climate
change through a regional cap-and-trade program that will reduce power
plant emissions of carbon dioxide - a major greenhouse gas and key
element in global warming. Under the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative
(RGGI), first initiated by Governor Pataki in 2001, seven Northeast
states have joined forces to achieve a 10 percent reduction in global
warming emissions by 2019.

Each year, New York State invests $75 million through its innovative
Systems Benefit Charge (SBC) program to promote projects that encourage
energy efficiency, promote a cleaner environment, and reduce the
financial burden of energy costs on low-income New Yorkers. This
program, established in 1998, has resulted in 1,700 Gwh in annual
electricity savings and $30 million in energy bills savings, while
also leading to the creation of 4,450 jobs.

This year, New York added to its impressive record of energy and
environmental accomplishments through the passage of numerous
initiatives in the Governor's energy independence plan, outlined in
his 2006 State of the State Address, including:

    * A renewable fuel production tax credit that will provide up to
$.5 million in tax credits annually to companies that manufacture
renewable fuels;
    * A $0 million program to retrofit 600 hybrid vehicles in the
State fleet to be plug-in hybrids, which use emissions-free battery
power and can increase fuel mileage in excess of 100 miles per gallon;
    * A $0 million program to develop a pilot cellulosic ethanol
plant that will use plant materials abundant in New York to manufacture
renewable fuels that have a significantly higher net energy balance
than conventional ethanol; and
    * The expansion of New York's Empire Zones program to provide
tax benefits to clean energy companies regardless of where they are
located in New York State - an initiative that will not only generate
and support research and development of energy technologies, but also
attract and create jobs and position New York as a national and global
leader in development of alternative energy.

The Freedom Tower, the World Trade Center Transportation Hub and the
Memorial, "Reflecting Absence", are currently all under
construction at the World Trade Center site. ###


Posted by <beard6801 on September 11, 2006, 9:15 pm

Great that means when it blows up this time we should get a better light

Posted by lkgeo1 on September 11, 2006, 9:50 pm

beard6801@bellsouth.net wrote:

Posted by <beard6801 on September 12, 2006, 4:30 am







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